Anonymous FTP

With an anonymous FTP, you don't have to assign or keep track of individual logins and passwords
you simply create a common login and password that lets anyone download files from your website. (See below for definition of FTP.)

ASP

Active Server Pages is a popular scripting language from Microsoft that allows you to create and use online databases.

ASP Web Hosting

ASP hosting lets your Website take advantage of Microsoft's Active Server Pages (ASP) technology, which uses server-side scripting with HTML to generate dynamic Webpages.

Auto Responder

If you want an instant, pre-written reply to be sent out in response to emails your site receives, set up a specific auto responder email address.

Bandwidth

This refers to data transfer quantity, and is normally referred to in terms of a monthly allocation. You get about 40K page views (including video, audio, text and images) per 1GB of bandwidth. The more hits you get, the bigger bandwidth you need.

CGI

A Common Gateway Interface script acts as a translator for the data flowing from your web server, turning it into a readable, interactive web page or email.

CGI-BIN

This is a directory of all of the CGI scripts on your server.

CGI Library

As part of their service, most web hosts will give you a package of ready-to-go CGI scripts, which are commonly called a CGI Library.

Cold Fusion

Cold Fusion is a scripting language for web designers that want wish to do advanced development and/or database interfacing. Cold Fusion supports MS Access, dBASE, FoxPro, and Paradox databases.

Control Panel

Using a web host's control panel will let you edit and manage basic changes or data without having to involve their customer service department.

Database

A database allows you to organize data records so you can sort, search, and reconfigure as you need to.

Data Transfer

see Bandwidth .

Dedicated Server / Dedicated Hosting

If a business needs unique software or a lot of bandwidth to run its website, it will use a dedicated server to store it all. Other sites that use significantly less disk space can use a shared web host or server. (See Shared Server for additional information.)

Disk Space

Refers to the amount of storage a website needs, and includes everything from graphics to video files. The more pages or images you use, the more disk space you need.

Domain Name

Actual website IP addresses are a series of numbers, but domain names are how you can make your website easy to find and remember. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has developed a system of suffixes to identify which Top Level Domain (TLD) a site belongs to
you know them as .com, .org, .net, .edu, etc.

E-Commerce

Electronic Commerce is the term to use when referring to exchanging, buying, or selling goods or services using the Internet.

Email Forwarding

Allows you to have emails sent to several different email addresses to be forwarded to a single email address.

Firewall

You can build a firewall using a combination of software and hardware that will keep out anyone who is not authorized to access your computer or computer network.

FrontPage

You can produce and manage your website using this popular HTML editor created by Microsoft.

FrontPage Extensions

Used with Microsoft FrontPage, the Extensions provide scripts and programs for optimal use of certain features of your website.

FTP

A File Transfer Protocol uploads website files from individual computes to the site's server, which allows them to be seen on the Internet.

GB

1 gigabyte = 1024 megabytes.

IMAP

If messages are housed on a mail server, an Internet Message Access protocol lets your email program access them.

IP

Internet Protocol. Each website on the Internet receives its own number, or IP Address, that identifies its location.

KB

1 kilobyte = 1024 bytes.

Linux

Using open source development, Linux is a free software package that allows users to create their own operating system and then redistribute and reconfigure it for free.

Managed Web Hosting

A level of web hosting service that includes a dedicated server, customer support for technical matters, and maintenance by the web host.

MB

1 megabyte = 1,000 kilobytes.

Merchant Account

If a website accepts credit cards as payment, it has a merchant account.

Microsoft Access

Microsoft produced this software to create and maintain a basic relational database.

Miva Empressa

A dynamic scripting language using XML, Miva allows you to develop interactive and browser-independent sites quickly and easily, including E-Commerce and database sites.

Miva Merchant

E-Commerce sites can use Miva Merchant to develop one or more browser-based online stores.

MS SQL

The Microsoft SQL Server allows hosts that use Windows to create and manage a relational database.

MySQL

Unix hosts normally use this open source relational database.

Payment Gateway

This application service provider (ASP) works like a cash register in a store. It encrypts secure information and authorizes Internet credit card transactions, then at a specified time deposits the funds into your bank account.

Perl

Data management and processing are programmed using the Perl language.

PHP

The Hypertext Pre-processor is free software that provides the scripting language for producing interactive websites.

PHP Web Hosting

PHP hosting lets your Website take advantage of all the features of the open-source PHP scripting language. PHP scripts are embedded in HTML and are executed by the host's servers to generate dynamic content on your site.

POP

Post Office Protocol allows you to see emails housed on a mail server.

POP3

A POP3 lets you use several different email addresses within your domain (i.e., info@, support@, accounts@ etc.) and redirects them to a single inbox.

Server

A host computer or server manages a client-server relationship by staying connected to the Internet and providing your web page for viewers to access.

Setup Fee

This is a fee your web hosting company charges to open and initially configure your account.

Shared Web Hosting

When more than one unique web site is hosted on one server, they share that server using predetermined quantities of disk space. Having a shared server host your web site is the least costly way to do it. ( See Dedicated Server for additional information.)

Shopping Cart Software

This software lets online customers collect, add, or delete items on your website before their order is processed. There are all types of shopping cart software available in varying degrees of functionality and price.

SMTP

The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is what allows email to be sent using the Internet.

SQL

Structured Query Language is used in database programming and allows the programmer to access, create and maintain all features of a relational database.

SSI

This scripting language, known as SSI or Server Side Includes, lets you insert the content of a file into an existing web page, which allows you to have automatic updates for your viewers.

SSL

Recognizable by the address https://, a Secure Sockets Layer provides secure information to safely travel over the Internet.

Static IP Address

In a shared server web-hosting environment, all domain names that share a server have the same IP address. But if you have a static IP address, that number is identified only with your web site.

Storage Space

see Disk Space.

Subdomain

Subdomains refer to a type of domain name that is part of a larger domain name.

i.x sub.domain.com, sub1.domain.com, sub2.domain

Uptime

This term refers to when a web site is up and running. Usually, websites keep track of their uptime, or how much in a given period their website is available to viewers, and report it as a percentage of that given period.

UNIX

UNIX is a trademarked name that refers to the operating system most often used by web servers, and is popular because of its portability, its use of plain text, and its time-sharing configuration for multiple users.

Virtual Private Servers / VPS

A level between shared servers and dedicated servers, virtual private servers allow customers to share a server while having their own dedicated resources.

Virtual Web Hosting

see Shared Server.

WAP

The Wireless Application Protocol allows wireless equipment and devices to access the Internet.

Web-Based Email

If you can access your email from the Internet, you have web-based email. This is as opposed to a Microsoft Outlook type of program that is housed on your computer.

Web Statistics

This information can show you the number of unique visitors to your site, where on the Internet they came from, or what they used in searching the Internet to arrive at your website.

Windows Web Hosting

Web servers can use a variety of operating systems, and Microsoft Windows developed its own dynamic, multitasking, graphics-based system.